Introduction: UK Judiciary

Introduction: UK Judiciary

Edexcel specification: Paper 2. s4.1

The Supreme Court and its interactions with, and influence over, the legislative and policy-making processes

The role and composition of the Supreme Court.

The key operating principles of the Supreme Court, including judicial neutrality and judicial independence and their extent.

The degree to which the Supreme Court influences both the Executive and Parliament, including the doctrine of ultra vires and judicial review.


Judiciary (Court system) of England and Wales

The Courts of England and Wales, supported administratively by Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service, are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in England and Wales.

The United Kingdom does not have a single unified legal system—England and Wales has one system, Scotland another, and Northern Ireland a third. There are exceptions to this rule; for example in immigration law, the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal’s jurisdiction covers the whole of the United Kingdom, while in employment law there is a single system of employment tribunals for England, Wales, and Scotland but not Northern Ireland. Additionally, the Military Court Service has jurisdiction over all members of the armed forces of the United Kingdom in relation to offences against military law.

The Court of Appeal, the High Court, the Crown Court, the County Court, and the magistrates’ courts are administered by Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service, an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice.

The Supreme Court is the final court of appeal in the UK for civil cases, and for criminal cases from England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It hears cases of the greatest public or constitutional importance affecting the whole population.

Read more on about the Supreme Court here

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